Jackson said Hole-in-the-Day frequently traveled to the White House and met with presidents face to face — often, he noted, in the role of a representative of all Minnesota Ojibwe. As such, Hole-in-the-Day had a mixed reputation among the whites of his day, Nelson said — whether it was as a refined, welcoming figure who frequently entertained guests that traveled out to central Minnesota to meet him, or as a formidable and terrifying opponent, as evidenced by his role in the Dakota War of There was a feeling he was taking too much fat along with his deals," Treuer said.
While he retained a powerful position in the area until his death — not only among the Ojibwe, but also the white traders, Indian agents and "mixed-blood" settlers in the settlement of Crow Wing — Hole-in-the-Day largely did this through engaging in blatant corruption that typified the area for decades.
He invested into and benefited from questionable partnerships with local authorities, Treuer said, while he lined his own pockets. At the same time, he could be recklessly ambitious and overstep the limits of his authority, Treuer added — Hole-in-the-Day's insistence he was the chief of all the Minnesota Ojibwe created rivals of his contemporaries, and there were cases, such as his misstep as posing as the unauthorized representative of the Mille Lacs Band during the treaty talks of , that further strained his relationship with his fellow Ojibwe.
He noted the famed Ojibwe chief contended with white and biracial settlers, Catholic missionaries, the United States government, the Sioux, historical figures like Clement Beaulieu and Charles Ruffee, as well as many of his fellow Ojibwe at different points in his life. In , the Dispatch reported it was generally accepted Hole-in-the-Day died because of his opposition to allowing "mixed-bloods," or biracial people, into the newly formed White Earth Reservation.
At the time of his death, he was starting another journey eastward to meet in Washington, D. Documents at the time point to figures like Ruffee and Beaulieu, as well as a number of other prominent Crow Wing village families, as the instigators of the murder. Treuer said he sees Hole-in-the-Day's death as a coup d'etat by the biracial settlers and white Indian agents the chief dealt with for years — men like Beaulieu and Ruffee, who enjoyed a fruitful partnership with Hole-in-the-Day when he controlled vast swaths of land during the fur trade; who now, as a result of these treaties, had little land left to offer and not much else to barter with when timber, mining and agriculture were coming to the forefront.
With his death, Treuer said, the White Earth Reservation didn't see Native American leadership until the native tribes were consolidated under their own authority in the s. With much of the area's wealth, timber and land under his control, Beaulieu and his cohorts would go on to found Crow Wing County — named like the village he founded, which collapsed, ironically, Treuer said, when Beaulieu overestimated his own bargaining power and pushed the railway and timber tycoons to form a new trade hub in the area. Whether it's your local city council, all the way up to the Governor's office, government plays a part in every aspect of your life.
It's important that the people you elect reflect your needs, your values and your vision, and that's why I'm out covering the people and issues that matter, because they matter to you. Your news. Your reporter. Your paper.
- Jesus und der Koran (German Edition)?
- The Accident;
- Where do the Prophets End?!
To help support local journalism, click here to sign up to receive a Dispatch digital subscription to our e-edition or to receive the printed paper at your door, or to get both. Not Enabled. Related video shorts 0 Upload your video. Customer reviews. Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review.
Join Kobo & start eReading today
Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now.
Please try again later. Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. I have been to the Big Bend many times over the past 65 years so I can relate to various things mentioned in this book. It is rough living in the Big Bend area in Brewster County. One must learn a new way of living, as did Jim Landrum, without many things that most people take for granted. I admire how Diane Garner brought her grandfather's Jim Landrum letters to his mother to life. Her grandfather struggled with having tuberculosis and being away from his family in Florida.
More titles to consider
With time he learned to love that part of the country. I like how the story brings out the good and the rough times of living on the Rio Grande during the early part of the s. Format: Paperback Verified Purchase. First, I know Diane Garner.
Past Events and Exhibits | Museum of the Big Bend
Second, I am very familiar with Big Bend and all of the places that were talked about in the book. We visit Big Bend, Marathon, Ft. Davis, and Alpine Texas every summer. James Landrum was a remarkable young man to make a life for himself in such a remote area. One of the people mentioned in this book is Ivalee Bales. Ivalee was my grandmother's sister.
I found this perspective on my great aunt fascinating. I knew she taught school in Big Bend. I never expected pictures of her to show up in a book. Tom Webb Metairie, LA. One person found this helpful. Format: Paperback. I just met Tom Webb a couple of months ago and he told me about this book. We were Stanley's nieces children. Bobby and I are trying to find Johnny. Clyde died in We could use any information you may have. If your mother was Mary Landrum, I remember meeting her several times when I was very little.
Remembering V.S. Naipaul, a Pioneer of Postcolonial Literature
She was introduced as mother's friend. We saw deer come and eat outside her patio door. I remember her as very kind. I hope she is the same woman I remember. I want to get a used addition of your book as soon as I have the funds. I hope it was owned by someone who knew her but if not, oh well.
It will be great to read about her life when she was young. She went on to foster more children. I friended you on facebook.
I hope you will answer. Barbara Johnson. See all 4 customer reviews.
Related Letters from the Big Bend: Legacy of a Pioneer
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved