It also gives an alternative etymology: like the American word, from the Dutch koekje , the diminutive of koek , a cake. There was much trade and cultural contact across the North Sea between the Low Countries and Scotland during the Middle Ages , which can also be seen in the history of curling and, perhaps, golf. Cookies are most commonly baked until crisp or just long enough that they remain soft, but some kinds of cookies are not baked at all. Cookies are made in a wide variety of styles, using an array of ingredients including sugars, spices , chocolate, butter , peanut butter , nuts , or dried fruits.
The softness of the cookie may depend on how long it is baked.
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A general theory of cookies may be formulated this way. Despite its descent from cakes and other sweetened breads, the cookie in almost all its forms has abandoned water as a medium for cohesion. Water in cakes serves to make the base in the case of cakes called "batter"  as thin as possible, which allows the bubbles — responsible for a cake's fluffiness — to better form.
In the cookie, the agent of cohesion has become some form of oil.
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Oils, whether they be in the form of butter, vegetable oils, or lard, are much more viscous than water and evaporate freely at a much higher temperature than water. Thus a cake made with butter or eggs instead of water is far denser after removal from the oven. Oils in baked cakes do not behave as soda tends to in the finished result. Rather than evaporating and thickening the mixture, they remain, saturating the bubbles of escaped gases from what little water there might have been in the eggs, if added, and the carbon dioxide released by heating the baking powder.
This saturation produces the most texturally attractive feature of the cookie, and indeed all fried foods: crispness saturated with a moisture namely oil that does not sink into it. Cookie-like hard wafers have existed for as long as baking is documented, in part because they deal with travel very well, but they were usually not sweet enough to be considered cookies by modern standards.
Cookies appear to have their origins in 7th century AD Persia , shortly after the use of sugar became relatively common in the region.
By the 14th century, they were common in all levels of society throughout Europe, from royal cuisine to street vendors. With global travel becoming widespread at that time, cookies made a natural travel companion, a modernized equivalent of the travel cakes used throughout history. One of the most popular early cookies, which traveled especially well and became known on every continent by similar names, was the jumble , a relatively hard cookie made largely from nuts, sweetener, and water.
Cookies came to America through the Dutch in New Amsterdam in the late s. The Dutch word "koekje" was Anglicized to "cookie" or cooky. The most common modern cookie, given its style by the creaming of butter and sugar, was not common until the 18th century.
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Cookies are broadly classified according to how they are formed, including at least these categories:. Cookies also may be decorated with icing, especially chocolate , and closely resembles a type of confectionery. A cookie cake is a large cookie that can be decorated with icing like a cake.
This is made by Mrs. Hearts shaped Valentine's Day cookies adorned with icing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Chocolate Chip Cookie Cake
Baked food that is small, flat and sweetened biscuit. This article is about the food. For other uses, see Cookie disambiguation.
Text Images Video. Grease to inch pizza pan or baking sheet. PLACE whole bar of dough on prepared pan. Allow to soften for 5 to 10 minutes. Using fingertips, pat dough gently to form 8-inch circle.
BAKE for 18 to 20 minutes or until light golden brown. Cool on baking sheet for 10 minutes; remove to wire rack to cool completely. Press cookie dough onto greased large baking sheet or pizza pan to measure an 8-inch circle. Nutritional Information Serving Size 1. Calories Per Serving Calories from fat Exclusive Offers.
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